ResearchPeer Reviewed PublicationsEditorial ContributionsReview Articles and Book Chapters


Dr. Hanna holds academic appointments at McMaster University’s Departments of Surgery and Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact. He leads a productive team of researchers that has contributed more than 51 peer-reviewed publications to the surgical literature, and counting. Dr. Hanna’s laboratory also trains future researchers who are completing their PhD, MSc, and BSc degrees at McMaster University. Dr. Hanna’s research focuses on the integration of technology and design with healthcare, in a way that enhances patient outcomes and improves lives before and after surgery. Highly qualified individuals who are looking for research training with Dr. Hanna and his lab are encouraged to contact his office to discuss any potential opportunities.

Peer Reviewed Publications

Lee, Yung; Samarasinghe, Yasith; Lee, Michael H.; Thiru, Luxmy; Shargall, Yaron; Finley, Christian; Hanna, Wael; Levine, Oren; Juergens, Rosalyn; Agzarian, John, Role of Adjuvant Therapy in Esophageal Cancer Patients after Neoadjuvant Therapy and Esophagectomy A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, September 2021, Annals of Surgery

Isabella F. Churchill,Anthony A. Gatti,Danielle A. Hylton, Kerrie A. Sullivan, Yogita S. Patel, Grigorious I. Leontiadis, Forough Farrokhyar, Waël C. Hanna, An Artificial Intelligence Algorithm to Predict Nodal Metastasis in Lung Cancer, August 2021, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Kerrie A. Sullivan, Isabella Churchill, Danielle A. Hylton, Waël C. Hanna. Use of Incentive Spirometry in Adults following Cardiac, Thoracic, and Upper Abdominal Surgery to Prevent Post-Operative Pulmonary Complications: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, July 2021, Respiration

Yung Lee, Yasith Samarasinghe, Michael H Lee, Luxury Thiru, Yaron Shargall, Christian Finley, Wael Hanna, Oren Hannun Levine, Rosalyn A. Juergens, John Agzarian. Role of adjuvant therapy in esophageal cancer patients after neoadjuvant therapy and curative esophagectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis, May 2021, Journal of Clinical Oncology

Y. Patel, I. Churchill, K. Sullivan, M. Beauchamp, J. Wald, L. Mbuagbaw, B. Key, S. Green, P. Bieling, J. Agzarian, C. Finley, Y. Shargall, C. Fahim, W. Hanna. Breathe Anew: Designing and Testing the Feasibility of a Novel Intervention for Lung Cancer Survivorship, March 2021, Journal of Thoracic Oncology

Yaron Shargall, Laura Schneider, Lori-Ann Linkins, Mark Crowther, Forough Farrokhyar, Thomas K. Waddell, Marc de Perrot, James Douketis, Yessica Lopez-Hernandez, Terri Schnurr, Ehsan Haider, John Agzarian, Waël C. Hanna, Christian Finley, Double blind pilot randomized trial comparing extended anticoagulation to placebo following major lung resection for cancer, March 10, 2021, Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

Dillon Horth, William Sanh, Peter Moisiuk, Turlough O’Hare, Yaron Shargall, Christian Finley, Waël Hanna,John Agzarian, Mauricio Forero, Kim Davis, Thuva Vanniyasingam, Lehana Thabane and Harsha Shanthanna, Continuous erector spinae plane block versus intercostal nerve block in patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a pilot randomized controlled trial, February 2021, Pilot and Feasibility Studies

Waël C. Hanna
, Commentary: Numbers will tell their own story, February 2021, Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

Danielle A. Hylton, Biniam Kidane, Jonathan Spicer, Simon Turner, Isabella Churchill, Kerrie A. Sullivan, Christian J. Finley, Yaron Shargall, John Agzarian, Andrew J E Seely, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Waël C. Hanna, Endobronchial Ultrasound Staging of Operable NSCLC: Do Triple Normal Lymph Nodes Require Routine Biopsy?, January 2021, Chest

Ana-Maria Misariu,Jane Newman, Waël C. Hanna, John Agzarian, Christian Finley, Yaron Shargall, Anand Swaminath, Surgery Versus SBRT for Early-Stage Nsclc in Octogenarians and Nonagenarians: An Overall Survival Difference? August 2020, Radiotherapy and Oncology

Negar Ahmadi, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Christian Finley, John Agzarian, Waël C. Hanna, Yaron Shargall. Impact of the Integrated Comprehensive Care Program Post Thoracic Surgery: A Propensity Score Matched Study. June 2020. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

A. Robinson, E.T. Vella, P.M. Ellis, R. Goffin, W. Hanna, D. Maziak, A. Swaminath, Y.C. Ung, Lung Cancer Disease Site Group. Recommendations for the Treatment of Patients with Clinical Stage III Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Endorsement of the 2019 National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guidance and the 2018 Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer Guidance. Cancer Care Ontario, April 2020

Parackal, A., Tarride, J.-E., Xie, F., Blackhouse, G., Hoogenes, J., Matsumoto, E., Hylton, D., Hanna, W., Adili, A., & Shayegan, B. Economic evaluation of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy compared to open radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer treatment in Ontario, Canada. Canadian Urological Association Journal, 14(8). 2020

N. Ahmadi, L. Mbuagbaw, W. C. Hanna, C. Finley, J. Agzarian, C. K. Wen, M. Coret, C. Schieman, Y. Shargall. Development of a clinical score to distinguish malignant from benign esophageal disease in an undiagnosed patient population referred to an esophageal diagnostic assessment program. Journal of Thoracic Disease, February 2020

D. Hylton, Y. Shargall, C. Finley, J. Agzarian, C. Fahim, & W.C. Hanna. (2020). A Novel Online Education Module to Teach Clinicians How to Correctly Identify Ultrasonographic Features of Mediastinal Lymph Nodes during Endobronchial Ultrasound. Can J Surg, 63(1):E62-68. Doi: 10.1503/cjs.000119

Moishe Liberman, Eric Goudie, Christopher Morse, Wael Hanna, Nathaniel Evans, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, John Sampalis, R Malthaner, J Dunning, E Lafontaine, P Ferraro, C Wright, H Auchincloss, M Lanuti, J Martin, H Ott, H Gaissert. Prospective, multicenter, international phase 2 trial evaluating ultrasonic energy for pulmonary artery branch sealing in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy. The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery. 2020, Jan 1

Christine Fahim, Danielle Hylton, Marko Simunovic, John Agzarian, Christian Finley, Wael C Hanna, Yaron Shargall.  Development of the IRIS-AR strategy: an intervention to improve rates of accrual and retention for the VTE-PRO randomized controlled trial. Trials, 2019, December

Danielle A Hylton, Simon Turner, Biniam Kidane, Jonathan Spicer, Feng Xie, Forough Farrokhyar, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, John Agzarian, Waël C Hanna. The Canada Lymph Node Score For Prediction of Malignancy in Mediastinal Lymph Nodes During Endobronchial Ultrasound. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2019, November 29

Michal Coret, Matthew Rok, Jane Newman, Deven Deonarain, John Agzarian, Christian Finley, Yaron Shargall, Peter RA Malik, Yogita Patel, Waël C Hanna. Twitter Activity Is Associated with a Higher Research Citation Index for Academic Thoracic Surgeons. The Annals of thoracic surgery. 2019, November 19

Y Patel, D Hylton, M Rok, M Beauchamp, J Wald, L Mbuagbaw, C Finley, J Agzarian, Y Shargall, C Fahim, W Hanna. Wearable Technology for Preconditioning Before Thoracic Surgery: A Feasibility Study. Journal of Thoracic Oncology. 2019, October 1

F Minervini, Hanna, WC A Brunelli, F Farrokhyar, T Miyazaki, L Bertolaccini, M Scarci, M Coret, K Hughes, L Schneider, Y Lopez-Hernandez, J Agzarian, C Finley, Y Shargall. Outcomes of patients discharged home with a chest tube following Anatomical Lung Resection: a multicenter Cohort Study. British Journal of Surgery. 2019, May 1

D Hylton, K Selvakumaran, B Kidane, J Spicer, S Turner, D French, C Wen, J Masters, C Finley, Y Shargall, F Farrokhyar, J Agzarian, A Seely, K Yasufuku, Hanna, WC. Endobronchial ultrasound staging of operable NCSLC: Triple negative lymph nodes may not require routine biopsy. Chest 155 (4), 195A. 2019, April 1

Hanna, WC. Uncharted territory. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 2019 March 5 [Epub ahead of print]

Hanna, WC. The Dawn of The Age of Virtual Biopsies – Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2019 Feb 7

Meera Mehta, Yogita S Patel, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Thomas Kenneth Waddell, Yaron Shargall, Christine Fahim, Hanna, WC. Near-infrared mapping with indocyanine green is associated with an increase in oncological margin length in minimally invasive segmentectomy. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 2019 Jan 1

Hanna WC. Stuck between a rock and hard place: ILD + NSCLC = LIM. J Thorac
Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 May 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Hanna WC. The enemy of good is better. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 May 18. pii: S0022-5223(17)30927-3.[Epub ahead of print]

Fahim C, Hanna WC, Waddell T, Shargall Y, Yasufuku K. Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for lung resection: the first Canadian series. Can J Surg. 2017 Jun 1;60(4):5316

Nguyen NA, Isfahanian N, Pond G, Hanna WC, Cutz JC, Wright J, Swaminath A, Shargall Y, Chow T, Wierzbicki M, Okawara G, Quan K, Finley C, Juergens R, Tsakiridis T.A Novel Neoadjuvant Therapy for Operable Locally Invasive Non- Small-Cell Lung Cancer. Phase I Study of Neoadjuvant Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy. LINNEARRE I (NCT02433574). Clin Lung Cancer. 2017 Jul;18(4): 436-440.

Donahoe LL, de Valence M, Atenafu EG, Hanna WC, Waddell TK, Pierre AF, Yasufuku K, de Perrot M, Cypel M, Keshavjee S, Darling GE. High Risk for Thoracotomy but not Thoracoscopic Lobectomy. Ann Thorac Surg. 2017 Mar 2

Vernon J and Hanna WC. Response to Screening for Brain Metastases in Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer. J Thorac Oncol. 2017 Mar;12(3):e22.

Agzarian J, Linkins LA, Schneider L, Hanna WC, Finley CJ, Schieman C, De Perrot M, Crowther M, Douketis J, Shargall Y. Practice patterns in venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in thoracic surgery: a comprehensive Canadian Delphi survey. J Thorac Dis. 2017 Jan;9(1):80-87.

Hanna WC. Imagine your Operation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Nov;152(5): 1400

Vernon J, Andruszkiewicz N, Schneider L, Schieman C, Finley CJ, Shargall Y, Fahim C, Farrokhyar F, Hanna WC. Comprehensive clinical staging for resectable lung cancer: Clinico-pathological correlations and the role of brain. J Thorac Oncol. 2016 Nov;11(11):1970-1975

Hanna WC. Blue is the New Black. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Aug;152(2): 545.

Hanna WC. Y-en-Y airway stents: A complex solution for a complex problem J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Aug;152(2):564.

Hanna WC. Adults are big children. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Oct;152(4): 1018

Shargall Y, Hanna WC, Schneider L, Schieman C, Finley CJ, Tran A, Demay S, Gosse C, Bowen JM, Blackhouse G, Smith K. The Integrated Comprehensive Care (ICC) program: A novel home care initiative after major thoracic surgery. Semin Thoracic Surg. 2016 Summer;28(2):574-582

Agzarian J, Fahim C, Shargall Y, Yasufuku K, Waddell TK, Hanna WC. The Use of Robotic-Assisted Thoracic Surgery for Lung Resection: A Comprehensive Systematic Review. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Spring;28(1):182-92.

Agzarian J, Hanna WC, Schneider L, Schieman C, Finley CJ, Peysakhovich Y, Schnurr T, Nguyen-Do D, Linkins LA, Douketis J, Crowther M, De Perrot M, Waddell TK, Shargall Y. Postdischarge venous thromboembolic complications following pulmonary oncologic resection: An underdetected problem. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Apr;151(4):992-9.

Hanna WC. N2 is not N2 is not N2. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Dec;150(6): 1494-5.

Hanna WC. Surveillance with Low Dose CT should be standard of care after resection for lung cancer. Transl Lung Cancer Res. 2015 Aug;4(4):476-8

Yeung JC, Finley C, Hanna WC, Miller L, Ferri L, Urbach DR, Darling GE. Treatment Choices and Outcomes of Patients with Manometrically Diagnosed Achalasia. Diseases of the Esophagus. Dis Esophagus. 2016 Jul;29(5):472-8

Vernon J, Schieman C, Schneider L, Hanna WC. A Rare Case of Thymic Carcinoma of the Middle Mediastinum. Journal of Surgical Case Reports. 2015 Mar;3:1-2.

Hanna WC. Old habits die hard. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015 Jan;149(1):43-4.

Bergman S, Al-Bader M, Sourial N, Vedel I, Hanna WC, Bilek AJ, Galatas C, Marek JE, Fraser SA. Recurrence of biliary disease following non-operative management in elderly patients. Surg Endosc. 2015 Dec;29(12):3485-90.

Schneider L, Farrokhyar F, Bassili A, Shargall Y, Schieman C, Hanna WC, Finley CJ. The Burden of Death Following Discharge After Lobectomy. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2015 Jul;48(1):65-70

Schneider L, Farrokhyar F, Schieman C, Shargall Y, D’Souza J, Camposilvan I, Hanna WC, Finley CJ. Pneumonectomy: The Burden of Death Following Discharge and Predictors of Surgical Mortality. Ann Thorac Surg. 2014 Dec;98(6): 1976-81; discussion 1981-2

Hanna WC and Keshavjee S. How to follow patients after curative resection of Lung Cancer. Semin Thoracic Surg 2014; 25:213-217.

Hanna WC, Paul NS, Darling GE, Moshonov H, Allison F, Waddell TK, De Perrot ME, Cypel M, Yasufuku K, Keshavjee S, Pierre AF. Minimal Dose Computed Tomography is Superior to Chest X-ray for the Follow-up and Treatment of Patients with Resected Lung Cancer. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2014; 147:30-5.

Hanna WC, Ko MA, Blitz M, Shargall Y, and Compeau CG. Thoracoscopic Nuss Procedure for Adults with Pectus Excavatum: Excellent Long-Term Results and Patient Satisfaction. Ann Thorac Surg 2013; 96:1033-8.

Hanna WC, De Valence M, Atenafu E, Pierre AF, Waddell TK, Yasufuku K, De Perrot ME, Cypel M, Keshavjee S, Darling GE. VATS Lobectomy Improves Survival in Early Stage NSCLC. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg (2013) 43 (6): 1121-1125.

Hanna WC, Yasufuku K. Mediastinoscopy in the Era of Endobronchial Ultrasound: When Should It Be Performed. Curr Resp Care Rep (2013) 2(1): 40-46

Hanna WC, Yasufuku K. Bronchoscopic Staging of Lung Cancer. Ther Adv Respir Dis (2013) 7(2): 111-8

Hanna WC, Mulder DS, Elhilali MM, Fried GM, Khwaja KA. Training Future Surgeons To Be Better Managers: The Resident-Surgeon Manager Conference. JAMA Surgery (formerly Arch Surg) (2012) 147(10): 940-4.

Hanna WC, Sudarshan M, Roberge D, Waschke KA, Mayrand S, Alcindor T, Ferri LE. What is the Optimal Management of Dysphagia in Metastatic Esophageal Cancer? Curr Oncol. (2012) 19(2): 60-6.

Sudarshan M, Hanna WC, Jamal MH, Nguyen LPH, Fraser SA. Are Canadian General Surgery Residents Ready for the 80-hour Workweek? A Nationwide Survey. Can J Surg (2012) 55(1): 53-7.

Hanna WC, Ferri LE, McKendy KM, Turcotte R, Sirois C, and Mulder DS. Reconstruction After Chest Wall Resection: Can Rigid Fixation Be Avoided? Surgery (2011) 150 (4): 590-7.

Dhanoa D, Jaskolka J, Darling G, Hanna WC. Particle embolization as primary endovascular management of a patient with massive hemoptysis and isolated unilateral absence of the left pulmonary artery. J Vasc Interv Radiol (2011) 22(2): 256-8.

Bergman S, Sourial N, Vedel I, Hanna WC, Fraser SA, Newman D, Bilek AJ, Galatas C, Marek JE, Monnette J. Gallstone Disease in the Elderly: Are Older Patients Managed Differently? Surg Endosc (2011) 25(1): 55-61.

Jamal MH, Rousseau M, Hanna WC, Meterissian S, Snell L. Effects of the ACGME work-hour restrictions on surgical residents, faculty and patients: a systematic review. Acad Med. (2011) 86(1): 1-9.

Hanna WC, Ferri LE, Fata P, Razek T, Mulder DS. The Current Status of Traumatic Diaphragmatic Injury: Lessons Learned From 105 Patients Over 13 Years. Ann Thorac Surg (2008) 85:1044–8.

Hanna WC, Ponsky TA, Trachiotis GD, Knoll SM. Colon Cancer Metastatic to the Lung and the Thyroid Gland. Arch Surg (2006) 141:93-96.

Andrew CG, Hanna WC, Look D, McLean APH, Christou NV. Early Results After Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Effect of the Learning Curve. Can J Surg (2006) 49(6): 112-115.

Hanna WC, Demyttenaere SV, Ferri LE, Fleiszer DF. The Use of Stereotactic Excisional Biopsy in the Management of Invasive Breast Cancer. World J Surg (2005) 29: 1–5.

Hanna WC, Gupta IR. Transient Inhibition of SMAD1/SMAD4 Translation Using Antisense Oligodeoxynucleotides in vitro. McGill Journal of Medicine (2003) 7(1): 7-9.

Editorial Contributions

2015 – Present
Member, Editorial Board, Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

2015 – Present
Reviewer, Respiration

2013 – Present
Reviewer, Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

2013 – Present
Reviewer, Journal of Surgical Research

2013 – Present
Reviewer, Diseases of the Esophagus

2011 – Present
Reviewer, Annals of Thoracic Surgery

Review Articles and Book Chapters

1. The Art and Science of Palliative Medicine: AME Publications (2013). Dysphagia. Sudarshan M, Hanna WC, Ferri LE. In: Smith HS, Pilitsis JG, editors.

2. Thorac Surg Clin 19 (2009) 485-489. Traumatic Diaphragmatic Injury. Hanna WC, Ferri LE.

3. Second ed. Bogota: Distribuna Ltda; (2009). Diaphragmatic Trauma. Hanna WC, Fata P, Ferri LE, Razek T. In: Ferrada R, Rodriguez A, Peitzman AB, Puyana JC, Ivatury R, editors.